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Chef Marco Pierre White’s Wife Pleads Guilty to Blood Graffiti

Chef Marco Pierre White’s Wife Pleads Guilty to Blood Graffiti

Chef's estranged wife damages house, car

British celebrity chef Marco Pierre White never seemed like the type to marry someone shy and retiring, but somehow it’s still surprising that his wife pled guilty last week to a list of insanities that included decorating her estranged husband’s hallway with her own blood.

White and Matilde Conejero were married in 2000 after eight years and three children together. They filed for divorce in 2007, but they stopped the divorce in 2011 after having run up £3 million (over $4.8 million) in legal costs during the proceedings, according to the Daily Mail.

But just because they’re still technically married doesn’t mean everything is rosy over there. According to the proceedings, last May Conejero showed up at White’s home, where she smashed the front and back windshields of his Range Rover to pieces with a child’s scooter. When that didn’t entice him to answer the doorbell, she used nail polish and her own blood to write insulting graffiti on the walls of the hallway in front of his door.

She originally pleaded not guilty, but later changed her plea when prosecutors refused to drop the charges. Also, there were many witnesses.

Sentencing is scheduled for later this month, but the judge indicated that Conejero would not face jail time.

George Calombaris

George Dimitrios Calombaris (born 4 October 1978) is an Australian chef and restaurateur. Calombaris was one of the judges of the Network 10 series MasterChef Australia from 2009 to 2019. [2] Prior to his role on MasterChef Australia, Calombaris appeared regularly on the daytime Network Ten cooking show Ready Steady Cook.

He owned several restaurants in Melbourne. His flagship restaurant, The Press Club, was awarded The Age Good Food Guide "Best New Restaurant 2008" with Calombaris named "Chef of the Year 2008". Calombaris draws on his Greek, Cypriot and Italian heritage for inspiration. [3]

In 2019, Calombaris's company MAdE Establishment Group admitted to underpaying $7.83 million in wages to 515 employees, which was back-paid. [4] MAdE agreed to pay $200,000 to the Australian Government and to undertake a number of other activities. [5] In February 2020, MAdE went into voluntary administration with the majority of its venues closed immediately.

Marco Pierre White Jr’s fiancee Kim parties up a storm with Millie Mackintosh - but where's the BB star?

But judging by these pictures of Kim Melville-Smith partying up a storm with Millie Mackintosh, we’re not so sure.

The 36-year-old brunette, who wasn’t there to greet her man as he left the house on Friday, appeared to be putting the drama behind her as she let her hair down on Saturday.

Kim was snapped enjoying a day at the polo in Henley-on-Thames with Professor Green’s ex Millie - while Marco was noticeably absent.

On Sunday she then took to Twitter to say she’d been taking advice from the former Made In Chelsea star and her boyfriend Hugo Taylor.

“Just thinking about the advice @Millsmackintosh & @Hugo_london (cutest couple ever!!) gave me yesterday. Thank you so much, you are so sweet."

Marco had declared he had been given a &aposhall pass&apos but his partner disputed that, leading many to question the status of their relationship.

"Fyi I said hallpass NOT open relationship. I don&apost watch bb, but I heard this today. Worst thing I can&apost even talk to him bbuk bbmarco."

Meanwhile, Marco&aposs mum says she "cried herself to sleep" over his sordid antics in the Big Brother house.

Mati Conejero, the estranged wife of the celebrity chef Marco Snr, said viewing her son&aposs steamy romp with Laura Carter was like watching him "die before her eyes".

Ofcom received hundreds of complaints after sexual scenes were aired. In one steamy romp Marco, 21, asked socialite Laura to "choke" him.

"I broke down when I saw that for how lost he is," Mati told the Daily Mail.


Ramsay was born in Johnstone, Renfrewshire. [8] [9] From the age of nine, he was raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. [9] Ramsay is the second of four children. He has an older sister, a younger brother (who has been imprisoned for heroin possession), [10] [11] and a younger sister. Ramsay's father, Gordon James Sr., [12] was—at various times—a swimming pool manager, a welder, and a shopkeeper his sister and their mother, Helen (née Cosgrove), [12] have been nurses. [13]

Ramsay has described his early life as "hopelessly itinerant" and said his family moved constantly due to the aspirations and failures of his father, who was a sometimes violent alcoholic. [12] In his autobiography, Humble Pie, he describes his early life as being marked by abuse and neglect from this "hard-drinking womaniser". [13] [14] In 1976, they finally settled in Stratford-upon-Avon, where he grew up in the Bishopton area of the town. He worked as a pot washer in a local Indian restaurant where his sister was a waitress. [15] At the age of 16, Ramsay moved out of the family home and into a flat in Banbury. [16]

By this time Ramsay's interest in cooking had already begun, and rather than be known as "the football player with the gammy knee", [13] Ramsay decided to pay more serious attention to his culinary education at age 19. Ramsay enrolled at North Oxfordshire Technical College, sponsored by the Rotarians, to study hotel management. He describes his decision to enter catering college as "a complete accident". [17]

In the mid-1980s, he worked as a commis chef at the Wroxton House Hotel. He ran the kitchen and 60-seat dining room at the Wickham Arms, until his sexual relationship with the owner's wife made the situation difficult. [18] Ramsay then moved to London, where he worked in a series of restaurants until being inspired to work for the temperamental Marco Pierre White at Harveys. [13]

After working at Harveys for two years and ten months, Ramsay, tired of "the rages and the bullying and violence", decided that the way to further advance his career was to study French cuisine. White discouraged Ramsay from taking a job in Paris, instead encouraging him to work for Albert Roux at Le Gavroche in Mayfair, where he met Jean-Claude Breton, later his maître d'hôtel at Restaurant Gordon Ramsay. After working at Le Gavroche for a year, Albert Roux invited Ramsay to work with him at Hotel Diva, a ski resort in the French Alps, as his number two. From there, a 23-year-old Ramsay moved to Paris to work with Guy Savoy and Joël Robuchon, both Michelin-starred chefs. In Master Chef series 3 episode 18, Gordon Ramsay stated that Guy Savoy was his mentor. He continued his training in France for three years, before giving in to the physical and mental stress of the kitchens and taking a year to work as a personal chef on the private yacht Idlewild, based in Bermuda. [13] The role on the boat saw him travel to Sicily and Sardinia, Italy, and learn about Italian cuisine. [19]

Upon his return to London in 1993, Ramsay was offered the position of head chef, under chef-patron Pierre Koffmann, at the three-Michelin-starred La Tante Claire in Chelsea. Shortly thereafter, Marco Pierre White reentered his life, offering to set him up with a head chef position and 10% share in the Rossmore, owned by White's business partners. The restaurant was renamed Aubergine and went on to win its first Michelin star fourteen months later. In 1997, Aubergine won its second Michelin star. Despite the restaurant's success, a dispute with Ramsay's business owners, who wanted to turn Aubergine into a chain, and Ramsay's dream of running his own restaurant led to his leaving the partnership in July 1998. [20] [21] He has described the decision to set out on his own as "the most important day of my entire cooking career the most important decision of my life". [22]

In 1998, Ramsay opened his own restaurant in Chelsea, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay, with the help of his father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson, and his former colleagues at Aubergine. [23] The restaurant gained its third Michelin star in 2001, making Ramsay the first Scot to achieve that feat. [24] In 2011, The Good Food Guide listed Restaurant Gordon Ramsay as the second best in the UK, only bettered by The Fat Duck in Bray, Berkshire. [25]

After establishing his first restaurant, Ramsay's empire expanded rapidly. He next opened Pétrus, then Amaryllis in Glasgow (which he was later forced to close), and later Gordon Ramsay at Claridge's. He hired his friend and maître d'hôtel Jean-Philippe Susilovic, who works at Pétrus and also appears on Ramsay's US TV show Hell's Kitchen. Restaurants at the Dubai Creek and Connaught hotels followed, the latter branded with his protegee Angela Hartnett's name. Ramsay has opened restaurants outside the UK, beginning with Verre in Dubai. Two restaurants, Gordon Ramsay at Conrad Tokyo and Cerise by Gordon Ramsay, both opened in Tokyo in 2005. In November 2006, Gordon Ramsay at the London opened in New York City, [26] winning top newcomer in the city's coveted Zagat guide, despite mixed reviews from professional critics. [27]

In 2007, Ramsay opened his first restaurant in Ireland, Gordon Ramsay at Powerscourt, at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Powerscourt, County Wicklow. [28] This restaurant closed in 2013. In May 2008, he opened his first restaurant in the Western US, in The London West Hollywood Hotel (formerly the Bel-Age Hotel) on the Sunset Strip in Los Angeles. The contract expired in 2015, closing the restaurant. [29]

On 9 August 2011, Ramsay opened his first Canadian restaurant, Laurier Gordon Ramsay (at the former Rotisserie Laurier BBQ) in Montreal. [30] In February 2012, Danny Lavy, the owner of the restaurant, announced the restaurant was disassociating itself from Ramsay, citing a lack of involvement and understanding on Ramsay's part. [31] The restaurant closed in 2013. [32]

Restaurant Gordon Ramsay, located at Royal Hospital Road, London, was voted Top Restaurant in the UK in the London Zagat Survey in 2001 and was awarded its third Michelin star. [33]

He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in the 2006 New Year Honours list for services to the hospitality industry, but almost missed the award ceremony when his plane was delayed. [34]

In July 2006, Ramsay won the Catey award for "Independent Restaurateur of the Year", becoming only the third person to have won three Catey awards. Ramsay's two previous Catey awards were in 1995 (Newcomer of the Year) and 2000 (Chef of the Year). The other two triple-winners are Michel Roux and Jacquie Pern. [35] In September 2006, he was named as the most influential person in the UK hospitality industry in the annual Caterersearch 100 list, published by Caterer and Hotelkeeper magazine. He overtook Jamie Oliver, who had been top of the list in 2005. [36] Also in 2006, Ramsay was nominated as a candidate for Rector of the University of St Andrews, but lost at the polls to Simon Pepper. [37]

Ramsay's flagship restaurant, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay, was voted London's top restaurant in Harden's for eight years, but in 2008 was placed below Petrus, a restaurant run by former protégé Marcus Wareing. [38] In January 2013, Ramsay was inducted into the Culinary Hall of Fame. [39]

On 14 June 2017, Ramsay set a new Guinness World Record for the 'Fastest time to fillet a 10 lb fish', achieving the record in 1 minute and 5 seconds. [40] 16 August 2017, Ramsay set a 'Guinness World Record for the Longest Pasta Sheet Rolled In 60 Seconds', which measured 1.45 metres. [41]

All of Ramsay's business interests (restaurants, media, consultancy) are held in the company Gordon Ramsay Holdings Limited, which was run in partnership with his father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson, and incorporated on 29 October 1997. [42] Ramsay owns a 69% stake, valued at £67 million in 2007. [43] Whereas previous ventures acted as a combined consultant/brand, in November 2006 Ramsay announced plans to create three restaurants in the United States. These opened in 2006/2007 at the London Hotel in Manhattan, in October 2006, [26] the Cielo in Boca Raton, Florida, and at the London Hotel in West Hollywood, California. Ramsay acts as a consultant to numerous catering organisations. In 2005 he was recruited by Singapore Airlines as one of its "International Culinary Panel" consultants. [44]

In late 2006, Gordon Ramsay Holdings purchased three London pubs, which were converted into gastropubs. These are: The Narrow in Limehouse, which opened in March 2007, the Devonshire in Chiswick, which opened in October 2007 and The Warrington in Maida Vale, which opened in February 2008. Both The Devonshire and The Warrington were sold in 2011. [45]

In May 2008, it was confirmed that Ramsay's protege of 15 years, Marcus Wareing, was going solo, having opened and operated Pétrus at The Berkeley Hotel on behalf of Gordon Ramsay Holdings since 2003. [46] With the name Pétrus owned by Gordon Ramsay Holdings, industry sources suggested it was likely to transfer to another restaurant in the group with the former La Noisette site identified as the most likely. [47] In April 2010, Jason Atherton, executive chef of Maze restaurants worldwide, resigned to open his own venue in Mayfair. [48]

On 19 October 2010, the company Gordon Ramsay Holdings Limited announced that Chris Hutcheson had left his position as CEO. Shortly afterwards, Ramsay released a letter to the press describing how he had unravelled the "manipulative" Hutcheson's "complex life" after having had him followed by a private detective. His father-in-law's "away days," wrote Ramsay, "were rarely what I thought they were." Company accounts show Hutcheson borrowed up to £1.5 million from Gordon Ramsay Holdings, though Hutcheson says he reported the borrowings to the company and paid the money back. Hutcheson said he had been "vaporised" and subjected to a "public hanging" by Ramsay, whom he described as a friendless egotist. [49] In April 2017, Hutcheson pleaded guilty to a charge of conspiracy to hack into the computers of Gordon Ramsay Holdings Limited. [50]

In October 2012, Ramsay opened The Fat Cow in Los Angeles at The Grove, a shopping area that is also popular with tourists. [51] Ramsay explained his intention for the Fat Cow in a press release to signify the opening of the venue: "The concept for The Fat Cow came from my desire to have a neighbourhood restaurant that you could go to all the time to just relax and enjoy a terrific meal." [52] In partnership with footballer David Beckham, Ramsay opened the Union Street Café in the Southwark district of London, UK in September 2013. The Italian cuisine of the Union Street Café, with a menu that is revolved on a daily basis, is overseen by Chef Davide Degiovanni. [53]

In October 2013, the Gordon Ramsay at The London restaurant in New York lost its two Michelin stars due to issues encountered by the Michelin reviewers. The guide's director Michael Ellis stated that he was served "some very erratic meals" and also experienced "issues with consistency." The loss followed the closure of another of Ramsay's restaurants, Gordon Ramsay at Claridges, in June 2013. [54]

17 April 2018, saw the opening of the Ramsay's first Street Pizza, situated in the downstairs area of his One New Change Bread Street Kitchen offering "bottomless" pizza. [55] The second "Street Pizza" was opened at the chef's York and Albany restaurant [56]

On 26 June 2019, Chloe Sorvino from Forbes magazine reported that Ramsay will receive $100 million from Lion Capital, a private equity firm headquartered in London, to open 100 restaurants by the year 2024. [57]

On 24 March 2020, Ramsay laid off more than 500 staff in the UK after a number of Ramsay's restaurants had to close temporarily under the coronavirus lockdown. [58] Ramsay, whose personal net income was estimated to be US$63 million in 2019 by Forbes, [59] was criticised for the lay-offs. [60] [61]

Ramsay will open his first restaurant in Macao – Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill at the new The Londoner Macao hotel and casino (formerly the Sands Cotai Central), when it opens in 2021. [62] [63]

Ramsay's new cookery school called The Gordon Ramsay Academy is expected to open in Woking, Surrey in early 2021. [64]

Ramsay's first documented role in television was in two fly-on-the-kitchen-wall documentaries: Boiling Point (1999) and Beyond Boiling Point (2000), but he had appeared previously as a judge on a MasterChef-like series for young catering students in 1997, with his then restaurant partner. Ramsay appeared on series three of Faking It in 2001, helping the prospective chef, a burger flipper named Ed Devlin, learn the trade. This episode won the 2001 BAFTA for "Best Factual TV Moment." [65] [66]

In 2004, Ramsay appeared in two British television series. Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares aired on Channel 4, and saw the chef troubleshooting failing restaurants over one week. This series ran its fifth series in 2007. Hell's Kitchen, a reality show which aired on ITV1, saw Ramsay attempt to train ten British celebrities to be chefs, as they ran a restaurant on Brick Lane in the East End of London, which opened to the public for the two-week duration of the show. Although he was the creator of Hell's Kitchen, Ramsay only starred in the first series, as he signed a four-year contract with Channel 4, ruling out any possibility of him appearing on future episodes of the ITV-produced show. [67]

In May 2005, the Fox network introduced Ramsay to American audiences in a US version of Hell's Kitchen produced by Granada Entertainment and A. Smith & Co. The show follows a similar premise to the original British series, showcasing Ramsay's perfectionism and infamously short temper. Ramsay had also hosted a US version of Kitchen Nightmares, which premiered on Fox on 19 September 2007. On 23 June 2014, Ramsay announced he was ending the series. [68] In June 2018, Gordon Ramsay's 24 Hours to Hell and Back, a new series with a premise much like Kitchen Nightmares but a shorter timeline, premiered on Fox. [69]

Ramsay has presented five series of a food-based magazine programme titled The F Word it launched on Channel 4 on 27 October 2005. The show is organised around several key, recurring features, notably a brigade competition, a guest cook competition, a food-related investigative report and a series-long project of raising animals to be served in the finale. The guest cook (usually a celebrity) prepares a dish of their own choosing and places it in competition against a similar dish submitted by Ramsay. The dishes are judged by diners who are unaware of who cooked which dish and, if the guest wins (as they have on numerous occasions), their dish is served at Ramsay's restaurant. The US version premiered on 31 May 2017 on Fox. [70]

In July 2006, Channel 4 announced that it had re-signed Ramsay to an exclusive four-year deal at the network, running until July 2011. [72] The series became one of the highest rated shows aired on Channel 4 each week. [73] During one episode of The F Word, Ramsay cooked in Doncaster Prison in Marshgate for its inmates. The chef was so impressed by the speed at which a prisoner, Kieron Tarff, chopped vegetables that he offered him a job at his restaurant following his release in 2007. [74]

In 2010, Ramsay served as a producer and judge on the US version of MasterChef. [75] (A second season of the show began in June 2011, again starring Ramsay.) On that same show, he was joined by culinary judges Graham Elliot and Joe Bastianich. He starred in a travelogue about his visit to India, Gordon's Great Escape followed by a series set in Asia. He hosted the series Ramsay's Best Restaurant, which was the first UK series by Ramsay's own production company, One Potato Two Potato.

Ramsay joined several other celebrity chefs in the 2010 series, The Big Fish Fight, where he, along with fellow chef Jamie Oliver and a few others, spent time on a trawler boat to raise awareness about the discarding of hundreds of thousands of sea fish.

In March 2012, Fox announced the coming of Ramsay's fourth series for the Fox network, Hotel Hell [76] the series is similar to Kitchen Nightmares, except that it focuses on struggling hotels, motels and other lodging establishments in the United States. [77] Originally slated for debut 6 April 2012 [78] and 4 June 2012, [79] the series debuted 13 August 2012. [80]

Guest appearances

In September 2005, Ramsay, along with Jamie Oliver, Heston Blumenthal, Wolfgang Puck and Sanjeev Kapoor, were featured in CNN International's Quest, in which Richard Quest stepped into the shoes of celebrity chefs. [81]

In 2006, Ramsay took part in a television series for ITV, following the lead-up to Soccer Aid, a celebrity charity football match, in which he played only the first half, nursing an injury picked up in training. Ramsay captained the Rest of the World XI against an England XI captained by Robbie Williams. His involvement was limited after he received a four-inch cut in his calf. [ citation needed ]

During his second appearance on the BBC’s Top Gear, he stated that his current cars are a Ferrari F430 and a Range Rover Sport Supercharged, the latter replacing the Bentley Continental GT he previously owned. On 14 May 2006, he appeared on Top Gear in the "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car" segment. Ramsay held the top spot on Top Gear's celebrity leader board, with a lap time of 1.46.38 until overtaken by Simon Cowell. [82]

Ramsay starred in part of a National Blood Service "Give Blood" television advertisement in England, in which he said that he would have died from a ruptured spleen had it not have been for another person's blood donation. [83] On 13 October 2006, he was guest host on the first episode of the BBC's comedy panel show Have I Got News for You's 32nd series. On 27 December 2007, Ramsay appeared in the Extras Christmas special. [84]

In January 2008, Ramsay also guest featured on Channel 4's Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack as the Big Brother housemates took part in his Cookalong Live television show. Gordon spoke directly to the Big Brother House via the house plasma screens, regularly checking on the progress of the contestants. [85]

In 2011, during the results show of American Idol, footage of the top 5 contestants taking on a challenge of cooking with Gordon Ramsay was shown. The Top 5 were given 10 minutes to make the best omelettes. [86]

In November 2011, Ramsay made an appearance on The Simpsons episode "The Food Wife". In February 2017, Ramsay made a guest appearance on New Girl episode "Operation: Bobcat". Ramsay made an appearance on 11 December 2017 broadcast of Please Take Care of My Refrigerator, a South Korean reality television show on JTBC. [ citation needed ]

Ramsay voices the character Bolton Gramercy in Big Hero 6: The Series. The character, a chef with a fiery temper, is loosely based on him. [87]

Legal proceedings

In 1998, following Ramsay's resignation from the Aubergine, A-Z restaurants sued him for £1 million citing lost revenue and breach of contract, but eventually settled out of court. [88]

In June 2006, Ramsay won a High Court case against the London Evening Standard newspaper, in which Victor Lewis Smith had alleged, after reports from previous owner Sue Ray, that scenes and the general condition of Bonaparte's had been faked for Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares. Ramsay was awarded £75,000 plus costs. [89] Ramsay said at the time: "I won't let people write anything they want to about me. We have never done anything in a cynical fake way." [89]

In June 2007, Ramsay's show was sued by the terminated general manager (Martin Hyde) of the New York restaurant Purnima (Dillon's), who also alleged fakery. Hyde had quit his position at the restaurant during the show, when Ramsay suggested that the owner hire top Indian Chef Vikas Khanna as the Consultant Chef for Purnima. The lawsuit alleged that "unknown to the viewing audience, some or all of Kitchen Nightmares are fake and the so-called 'problems uncovered and solved' by Ramsay are, for the most part, created by Ramsay and his staff for the purpose of making it appear that Ramsay is improving the restaurant." [90] In August 2007, the case was dismissed voluntarily and ordered into arbitration as stipulated in their contract. [91]

On 21 March 2012, Ramsay filed a $2.7 million lawsuit against his former partners of his restaurant in Montreal, Quebec, the Laurier Gordon Ramsay (since renamed The Laurier 1936), over lost licensing fees and defamatory statements made against him. [92] [93] On 16 April 2013, just over a year later, Laurier 1936 closed. [94]

In January 2014, Ramsay lost a high court case in relation to the "York & Albany pub." Ramsay claimed that his father-in-law had misused a 'ghost writing' machine to make Ramsay a personal guarantor for the £640,000 a year annual rent of that pub. Ramsay tried to nullify the 25-year lease, signed in 2007. The judge said that Ramsay had known about the guarantee beforehand but that he had total trust in his father-in-law, Christopher Hutcheson, and left the deal to him. The judge dismissed the case and ordered Ramsay to pay all legal costs and outstanding monies, in total more than one million pounds. [95]


Ramsay's reputation is built upon his goal of culinary perfection, which is associated with winning three Michelin stars. His mentor, Marco Pierre White, noted that he is highly competitive. [96] [97] Since the airing of Boiling Point, which followed Ramsay's quest of earning three Michelin stars, the chef has also become infamous for his fiery temper and use of expletives. [98] Ramsay once famously ejected food critic A. A. Gill, whose dining companion was Joan Collins, from his restaurant, leading Gill to state that "Ramsay is a wonderful chef, just a really second-rate human being." [24] Ramsay admitted in his autobiography that he did not mind if Gill insulted his food, but a personal insult he was not going to stand for. Ramsay has also had confrontations with his kitchen staff, including one incident that resulted in the pastry chef calling the police. [99] A 2005 interview reported Ramsay had retained 85% of his staff since 1993. [100] Ramsay attributes his management style to the influence of previous mentors, notably chefs Marco Pierre White and Guy Savoy, father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson, and Jock Wallace, his manager while a footballer at Rangers. [101]

Ramsay's ferocious temper has contributed to his media appeal in both the United Kingdom and the United States, where his programmes are produced. [102] [103] MSN Careers featured an article about television's worst bosses, which listed Ramsay as the only non-fictional boss. They cited his frequent loss of his temper and his harsh critiques, notably when he picks on something other than cooking ability, such as calling someone a "chunky monkey". [104]

Although Ramsay often mocks the French, one of his most trusted maîtres d'hôtel, Jean-Baptiste Requien (Royal Hospital Road), is French [105] [106] and he also speaks fluent French from his time in Paris. [107]

In November 2007, Ramsay installed 29-year-old Clare Smyth as head chef at his three-Michelin-starred flagship restaurant on Royal Hospital Road. [108] Smyth is the second high-profile appointment of a female chef by Ramsay, after Angela Hartnett. Smyth was the first female three-Michelin-starred she moved on to start her own restaurant in 2017.

Ramsay has been criticised for his frequent use of strong language on his programmes, first by British celebrity cook Delia Smith, [109] then, in relation to Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares, by a member of the Federal Parliament of Australia. [110] In his autobiography, Ramsay himself said he was unaware of the extent of his swearing until he watched an episode of Boiling Point. While he stated he did not have a problem with it, "Mum was appalled".

On 5 June 2009, Ramsay started trading national TV insults with Australia's Nine Network, A Current Affair journalist Tracy Grimshaw. The day after his interview, he was a guest feature at the Melbourne Food and Wine festival. While doing his display, he allegedly insulted Grimshaw and made insinuations about her sexuality. Grimshaw responded the next day, calling Ramsay an "arrogant, narcissist bully." [111] [112] Ramsay eventually apologised, stating that his behaviour "was a joke". [113] [114]

TV Guide included him in their 2013 list of The 60 Nastiest Villains of All Time. [115] Despite being known for his ferocious temper, Ramsay has been well-received [ by whom? ] as the host of Masterchef Junior: in contrast to his interaction with adults, Ramsay was shown to be more patient and sensitive to the children featured on the show. [116] Despite his competitiveness and fiery temper, he showed far more understanding and empathy towards children, amateur and special needs chefs (including Christine Hà on MasterChef), [117] [118] [119] although he continued to offer constructive criticism. [120] [121]

Food views

Ramsay has historically expressed a dislike for vegetarianism and veganism. In the first episode of the second series of Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares (2005), he offered pizza to a vegetarian and said it was vegetarian. After he took a bite, Ramsay said that it contained ham, laughing and asked if he wanted more. In 2003, when asked for his most recent lie, he said "To a table of vegetarians who had artichoke soup. I told them it was made with vegetable stock when it was chicken stock." [122] [123] In a 2007 interview, he joked: "My biggest nightmare would be if the kids ever came up to me and said 'Dad, I'm a vegetarian.' Then I would sit them on the fence and electrocute them." [124] In 2016, when asked on Twitter whether he was allergic to anything, he wrote "Vegans" and followed up with: "It's a joke jack it's not vegans! It's vegetarians". [125]

In 2006, on the second series of The F Word, Ramsay showed a softened stance on vegetarianism after learning about intensive pig farming practices, including castration and tail docking, while letting two young family piglets live in an intensive farm. On the programme, Ramsay commented: "It's enough to make anyone turn fucking vegetarian, for God's sake. And I've always sort of knocked vegetarians and vegans for missing out on the most amazing flavour you can get from meat. But you can see why so many people change instantly". [126] In 2019, he launched a vegan menu at his restaurants for Veganuary, [127] and introduced more vegan items to his restaurants, such as a vegan roast. [128]

Other chefs

Ramsay has been highly critical of Food Network and Iron Chef America star Mario Batali. The New York Post reported in 2009 that Batali has banned Ramsay from his restaurants. This alleged feud goes back to when Batali was highly critical of Ramsay's cooking style for being "dull and outdated". [129] Batali has since stated that the alleged feud "was created by a couple of journalists." Batali went on to state, "I'd love to hang out with Ramsay". [130]

Eating and exercising habits

Ramsay said in 2016 that he exercises semi-competitively for his general well-being. He said he has seen overweight and unfit chefs collapse or become unable to move quickly around the kitchen. He often competes in ironman events, marathons, and triathlons. He also eats very little per 'meal', and prefers to graze throughout the day, partly due to the habit he built up as a judge and chef and also because of his busy schedule. [131] [132] He has a black belt in karate. [133]


Ramsay married Cayetana Elizabeth Hutcheson, a Montessori-trained schoolteacher, in 1996. [134] They divide their time between Wandsworth Common, London [135] and Los Angeles. They have five children: Megan, Holly, Jack, Matilda, and Oscar. [1] Megan ran the London Marathon in 2017 in memory of the miscarriage her mother suffered five months into her pregnancy in June 2016, a boy whom they had named Rocky. [136] Until 2010, Ramsay's father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson, was responsible for the business operations of Ramsay's restaurant empire. On 7 June 2017, Hutcheson was jailed for six months for conspiring to hack a computer system relating to the Ramsays' business interests. [137] Hutcheson was accused with his sons of accessing company systems almost 2,000 times between 23 October 2010 and 31 March 2011. [138]

Ramsay has three houses in Cornwall worth an estimated £11 million: a £4 million mansion in Trebetherick, a £4.4 million property in Rock purchased in 2015, and a £2 million grade II-listed property in Fowey that was purchased in 2017. [139] In August 2020, Ramsay's four-bedroom Fowey property, Trevail House, was put on sale for £2.75 million. [140]

Charity work

Ramsay has been involved in a series of charitable events and organisations. He fulfilled his aim of finishing 10 marathons in ten years by running his 10th consecutive London Marathon on 26 April 2009, sponsoring the Scottish Spina Bifida Association. [141]

Ramsay has been Honorary Patron of the Scottish Spina Bifida Association since 2004, and in 2005 he launched The Gordon Ramsay "Buy a Brick" appeal to help the organisation raise funds to build a new Family Support Centre and Head Office in Glasgow. In 2006, he launched a new appeal to help the charity raise the funds required to continue to run the support centre: "What's your favourite 'F' Word? Gordon's is Fundraising." In November 2007, Ramsay hosted a St Andrew's Day Gala Dinner at Stirling Castle in aid of the Association and has now made this fundraising Gala Dinner an annual event. [142]

During March 2005, Ramsay teamed up with Indian chef Madhur Jaffrey to help the VSO, an international development charity group, to support its Spice Up Your Life event. The charity hoped to raise £100,000 for VSO's work in HIV and AIDS in India. [143] The Ramsays were the first couple to become ambassadors for the women's charity Women's Aid in 2005. The couple ran the Flora Families marathon [144] to support Women's Aid. [145]

In 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014, Ramsay took part in the biennial charity event Soccer Aid to raise money for UNICEF. On 6 June 2010 he played for the Rest of the World team alongside former professional footballers Zinedine Zidane and Luís Figo as well as Hollywood actors Woody Harrelson, Mike Myers and Michael Sheen. [146] The match took place at Old Trafford in Manchester and was won by the Rest of the World for the first time, the winning penalty scored by Harrelson in the shoot-out. [146]

28 August 2020, the media reported that Ramsay and his wife Tana had become ambassadors for Cornwall Air Ambulance. [147]

Life-threatening experiences

In 2008, Ramsay was in Iceland's Westman Islands filming a puffin hunting segment when he lost his footing and fell during a descent off an 85 feet (26 m) cliff, landing in the icy water below. He said, "I thought I was a goner". He reached the surface of the water by removing his heavy boots and waterproof clothing. His film crew, who rescued Ramsay by throwing him a rope, reported that he was submerged for at least 45 seconds. During the ordeal, he remembers how he felt: "I was panicking and my lungs were filling with water. When I got to the top after getting my boots off, I was dazed and my head was totally massive". [148]

Pre-prepared meal controversy

On 17 April 2009, it was revealed that one of Ramsay's restaurants, Foxtrot Oscar in Chelsea, West London, used pre-prepared food that was heated up and sold with mark-ups of up to 586%. It was also revealed that three of his gastropubs in London did the same thing. A spokeswoman for Gordon Ramsay said, "Gordon Ramsay chefs prepare components of dishes devised and produced to the highest Gordon Ramsay standards. These are supplied to those kitchens with limited cooking space such as Foxtrot Oscar and Gordon Ramsay's highly acclaimed pubs, including the Narrow. These are sealed and transported daily in refrigerated vans and all menu dishes are then cooked in the individual kitchens. This is only for the supply of Foxtrot Oscar and the three pubs and allows each establishment to control the consistency and the quality of the food served". [149] [150] Reflecting on the controversy in 2010, Ramsay was unapologetic, stating:

When I was working at the Gavroche all those years ago, the duck terrine wasn't made there. It was made outside, then brought to the restaurant wrapped in plastic. This is standard practice. What on earth was the fuss about? [151]


Ramsay played football and was first chosen to play under-14 football at age 12. He was chosen to play for Warwickshire. His footballing career was marked by injuries, causing him to remark later in life, "Perhaps I was doomed when it came to football." [13] In mid-1984, Ramsay had a trial with Rangers, the club he supported as a boy. He seriously injured his knee, smashing the cartilage during training. [152]

Ramsay has claimed to have played two first-team games for Rangers. [153] According to his autobiography Ramsay played "a couple of non-league matches as a trialist" for Rangers [154] and was signed by the club at the age of 15. [155]

Allan Cairns, a photographer who took a picture of Ramsay playing for Rangers in September 1985, said the photo was not one of the Rangers first team but a side picked to play a testimonial match. A Rangers spokesman said: "Ramsay was a trialist in that testimonial game. He trained with us for a few months after that but then got injured." [156]

Rangers revisited

In series 4, episode 12 of The F Word (originally aired on 29 July 2008), Ramsay visited Ibrox, the home ground of his favourite childhood team, Rangers, and exclaimed, "Home, Sweet Home!" He explained, "My dream came true when I was spotted in the mid-80s and I joined the youth team here in Ibrox." He related that one of his fondest memories is playing alongside one of Scotland's football legends, Ally McCoist, who said about Ramsay, "I remember him well and the one thing that never ever will change is that he's a competitive so-and-so and wants to do and be the best that he can." Ramsay recalled that, "the pain of being released on the back of an injury" was only assuaged many years later, "after receiving [his] third Michelin Star", and concluded that, "without the upset at Ibrox, I would not be the chef I am today." [157]

Other interests

Ramsay is an avid football fan and supports Scottish Premiership club Rangers [158] and English Premier League club Chelsea. [159] As a baseball fan, he follows the Los Angeles Dodgers and Los Angeles Angels. However, he feels that the game of baseball is often too long, joking that this leads to fans spending most of the time eating or sleeping, which could lead to them being unhealthy. [160]



Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Restaurant Gordon Ramsay Chelsea, London September 1998 [161]
Pétrus Belgravia, London 29 March 1999 [162]
Gordon Ramsay at Claridge's Claridge's, London 22 October 2001 [163] June 2013 [164]
Savoy Grill Savoy Hotel, London 29 November 2010 (Remodel) [165]
Maze Grill Royal Hospital Road (previously Foxtrot Oscar) Chelsea, London 21 January 2008 [166]
Maze Mayfair, London 25 May 2005 [167] [168] 2 February 2019 [169]
Maze Grill Park Walk [a] Chelsea, London 22 April 2015 [170]
The Narrow Limehouse, London 26 March 2007 [171]
Gordon Ramsay Plane Food Terminal 5, Heathrow Airport, London 27 March 2008 [172]
York and Albany Regent's Park, London 22 September 2008 [173]
Bread Street Kitchen One New Change, London September 2011 [174]
Union Street Café Southwark, London September 2013
The Boxwood Café The Berkeley Hotel, London May 2003 [175] April 2010 [176]
La Noisette Sloane Street, London July 2006 [177] March 2009 [178]
London House Battersea, London 4 February 2014 [179]
Heddon Street Kitchen Mayfair, London 10 November 2014 [180]
Street Pizza (Bread Streat Kitchen) One New Change, London 16 April 2018 [181]
Street Pizza (York and Albany) Regent's Park, London 3 October 2018
Lucky Cat Mayfair, London 24 June 2019 [182]
Gordon Ramsay Bar and Grill Mayfair, London October 2019 [183]
Street Pizza (Southwark) Southwark, London 2 December 2020 [184]
Gordon Ramsay Street Burger One New Change, London 3 December 2020 [185]
Gordon Ramsay Burger Harrods, London 4 December 2020 [186]
Street Burger (Charing Cross Road) Charing Cross Road, London 12 April 2021 [187] [188]
Street Pizza (Battersea) Battersea Power Station, London 12 April 2021 [189]
Street Burger (Kensington High Street) Kensington High Street, London 17 May 2021 [190]
Bread Street Kitchen (Southwark) Southwark, London 17 May 2021 [191]
Gordon Ramsay Street Burger (Woking) Woking, Surrey Autumn 2021 [192]
Denotes Gordon Ramsay Academy will be co-located at the same site opening Autumn 2021


Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Gordon Ramsay au Trianon Versailles March 2008 [193]
La Veranda 2008 [194]
Le Pressoir d'Argent Bordeaux 25 September 2015 [195]
Le Bordeaux – Gordon Ramsay


Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Gordon Ramsay at Powerscourt Powerscourt Estate, Enniskerry 23 October 2007 [196] 2013


Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Gordon Ramsay at Forte Village Pula, Cagliari, Sardinia July 2009 [197]
Gordon Ramsay at Castel Monastero Siena, Tuscany 1 July 2009 [198]

North America


Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Laurier Gordon Ramsay Montreal, Quebec August 2011 (Acquired) February 2012 (Left GRH)

United States

Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Gordon Ramsay at The London The London West Hollywood, West Hollywood, California 4 June 2008 [199] 14 February 2015 [200]
Boxwood Café The London West Hollywood, West Hollywood, California October 2009 [201] 14 February 2015 [202]
Gordon Ramsay at The London The London NYC, New York City 16 November 2006 [203] October 2014 [204]
Maze by Gordon Ramsay The London NYC, New York City November 2006 September 2013 [205]
Cielo by Angela Hartnett Boca Raton, Florida 2007 2013 [206]
Gordon Ramsay Burger [b] Planet Hollywood, Las Vegas, Nevada 22 December 2012 [207]
Gordon Ramsay Steak Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 11 May 2012 [208]
Gordon Ramsay Steak Horseshoe Casino Baltimore, Maryland 28 November 2017 [209]
Gordon Ramsay Steak Harrah's Atlantic City, New Jersey 4 June 2018 [210]
Gordon Ramsay Steak Harrah's North Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri November 2019 [211]
Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada 18 December 2012 [212]
Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill Caesars Atlantic City, Atlantic City, New Jersey 13 February 2015 [213]
Gordon Ramsay Fish & Chips The Linq, Las Vegas, Nevada 7 October 2016 [214]
Gordon Ramsay Hell's Kitchen Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada 26 January 2018 [215]
Hell's Kitchen Lake Tahoe Harveys, Stateline, Nevada 8 January 2020 [216]
The Fat Cow The Grove at Farmers Market, Los Angeles, California October 2012 [217] March 2014 [218]
Gordon Ramsay Fish & Chips (ICON Park) ICON Park, Orlando, Florida August 2021 [219]

Other international locations

Restaurant Location Rating Date opened Date closed
Verre at the Hilton Dubai Creek Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1 October 2001 [220] October 2011 [221]
Maze by Gordon Ramsay The Pearl-Qatar, Doha, Qatar March 2010 [222] March 2012 [223]
Gordon Ramsay Doha St. Regis Hotel, Doha, Qatar 1 May 2012 [224] 1 June 2020 [225]
Opal by Gordon Ramsay St. Regis Hotel, Doha, Qatar 15 May 2012 [226] 1 June 2020 [225]
Gordon Ramsay at Conrad Tokyo Conrad Tokyo, Japan 1 July 2005 [227] June 2013 [228]
Maze by Gordon Ramsay One and Only Hotel, Cape Town, South Africa 4 April 2009 [229] July 2010 [230]
Maze / Maze Grill by Gordon Ramsay Crown Metropol, Melbourne, Australia 29 March 2010 [231] August 2011 [232]
Maze Grill Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong October 2018 [233]
London House September 2015 [234]
Bread Street Kitchen & Bar Lan Kwai Fong, Hong Kong 19 September 2014 [235] 19 August 2018 [236]
The Peak, Hong Kong March 2019 [237]
Bread Street Kitchen Marina Bay Sands, Singapore 23 June 2015 [238]
Bread Street Kitchen Atlantis, The Palm, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1 November 2015 [239] [240]
Bread Street Kitchen & Bar Atlantis Sanya, Sanya, China 1 May 2018 [241]
Gordon Ramsay Hell's Kitchen Caesars Palace Bluewaters, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 15 November 2018 [242]
Gordon Ramsay Bar and Grill Sunway Resort, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 18 June 2021 [243] [244] [245]
Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill The Londoner Macao, Cotai, Macao 2021 [62]


Year Title Network Notes/Air Dates Ref
2002, 2006 Top Gear BBC Two 22 December 2002, 14 May 2006 [246]
2004–2009 Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares Channel 4
2004 Hell's Kitchen UK ITV Returned for 3 more series with Gary Rhodes, John Christope-Novelli & Marco-Pierre White
2005–present Hell's Kitchen US Fox 30 May 2005 – present [247]
2005–2010 The F Word UK Channel 4 27 October 2005 – 7 January 2010
2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 Soccer Aid ITV May 2006, September 2008, June 2010, May 2012, June 2014 [248] [249] [250] [251] [252]
2007 Extras (Christmas Special) BBC Two 16 December 2007 [253]
2007–2014 Kitchen Nightmares Fox 7 series 90 episodes [254]
2008 Gordon Ramsay: Cookalong Live Channel 4 18 January 2008 – 12 December 2008 [255]
2009 Gordon Ramsay: Cookalong Live US Fox 15 December 2009 [256]
2010 Gordon's Great Escape Channel 4 Seven episodes 18 January 2010 – 30 May 2011 [257]
2010–present MasterChef US Fox 27 July 2010 – present [258]
2010 Ramsay's Best Restaurant Channel 4 14 September 2010 – 9 November 2010
2010 Christmas with Gordon Channel 4 December 2010
2011 The Simpsons – "The Food Wife" Fox 13 November 2011 [259]
2012 Gordon Behind Bars Channel 4 26 June 2012 – 17 July 2012 [260]
2012–2016 Hotel Hell Fox 13 August 2012 – 26 July 2016 [261]
2012 Gordon Ramsay's Ultimate Cookery Course Channel 4 10 September 2012
2012 Hotel GB Channel 4 1 October 2012 – 5 October 2012
2013 Gordon Ramsay's Home Cooking Channel 4 Twenty-part series 14 October 2013 – 8 November 2013 [262]
2013–present MasterChef Junior Fox 27 September 2013 – present [263]
2013 & 2021 Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway ITV 1 March 2013: Prank 27 February 2021: Star Guest Announcer [264]
2014 Ramsay's Costa del Nightmares Channel 4 23 September 2014
2014 Masterchef Poland TVN 19 October 2014 [265]
2015–present Matilda and the Ramsay Bunch CBBC 14 April 2015 – present. Gordon is also an executive producer. [266]
2017 The F Word US Fox 1 series 11 episodes [267]
2017 The Nightly Show ITV Guest presenter five episodes [268]
2017 Culinary Genius ITV One series twenty episodes 17 April 2017 – 12 May 2017 [269]
2017 Gordon Ramsay on Cocaine ITV Two-part series part one 19 October 2017 & part two 26 October 2017 [270]
2017 Mickey Mouse Mixed-Up Adventures (previously known as Mickey and the Roadster Racers) Disney Junior 5 November 2017. Episode: "Diner Dog Rescue" [271]
2017 Please Take Care of My Refrigerator JTBC 11 December 2017 [272]
2018 My Houzz YouTube 30 January 2018 – Series 2, Episode 1 [273]
2018–present Gordon Ramsay's 24 Hours to Hell & Back Fox 13 June 2018 – present [274]
2018 The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle Amazon Prime Video 11 May 2018 – 2 episodes [275]
2018 MasterChef Australia Network Ten 27 May 2018 – 30 May 2018
2018–present Gordon, Gino and Fred: Road Trip ITV Series 1 11 October 2018 & Series 2 2 April 2020 [276] [277]
2019–present Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted Nat Geo Series 1 July 2019, Series 2 7 July 2020, Series 3 31 May 2021 [278] [279] [280]
2019 Gordon, Gino & Fred: Christmas Road Trip Three Unwise Men ITV 23 December 2019 [281]
2020 MasterChef Australia Network Ten Gordon Ramsay Week 13–19 April 2020 [282]
2020 Gordon, Gino and Fred: Desperately Seeking Santa ITV 16 December 2020 [283] [284]
2021 Gordon Ramsay's Bank Balance BBC One Series one nine episodes 24 February 2021 – 12 March 2021. Red Nose Special: 13 March 2021 [285] [286]
TBA Next Level Chef Fox Upcoming series [287]
Year Title Role Notes
2011 Love's Kitchen Himself Cameo appearance
2015 Burnt Chef Consultant
2017 Smurfs: The Lost Village Baker Smurf Voice role

Video games

Year Title Role Notes
2008 Hell's Kitchen: The Game Himself Voice
2016 Gordon Ramsay Dash Himself Voice
2021 Gordon Ramsay: Chef Blast Himself Voice

Since 1996, Ramsay has written 26 books. Ramsay also contributes a food-and-drink column to The Times' Saturday magazine.


'You know my children are without question the most wonderful thing. I've learnt more about myself through my children than any other experience in my life,' the chef fawned.

The personality's son, 23-year-old Marco Pierre White Jr, has become a household name in his own right following an appearance on the British version of Big Brother.

Tense: Marco gave a very blunt reply when Melissa brought up the tender topic of his feud with Matt

However, Marco Jr was at the centre of a feud that hit headlines last year between his father and fellow chef Matt Preston.

Speaking on The Kyle and Jackie O Show last year, Masterchef judge Matt was critical of Marco Jr's appearance on Big Brother, in which he allegedly had sex with a fellow housemate.

At the time the Matt famously stated: 'I think it is that terrible thing when you have kids that go off the rails'- a comment which sparked a war of words with Marco Sr.

Star appearance: Marco Pierre White Jr became famous following a rather raunchy appearance on UK Big Brother, which attracted criticism from Australian chef Matt Preston

Fall out: Marco (left) and Matt (right) before their war of words drove a wedge between them

And when Melissa brought up the spat on Sunday Night things became dramatic.

'There was quite a famous confrontation with Matt Preston. Did he cross the line by talking about your children?' Melissa tentatively asked.

'You know the answer to that. I don't have to get involved,' Marco bluntly replied.

With a slight smirk on his face he added: 'Don't ask me a question I'm not going to answer, and don't try and draw me into something I won't be drawn into'.

Shut down: When Melissa brought up the spat on Sunday Night things became dramatic

After Matt's comments last year, Marco Sr was so incensed he defected from Masterchef.

The tough-talking chef instead appeared on Channel Nine's rival cooking series, Hell's Kitchen.

And Marco Jr. also hit back against Matt's criticism about him, sending out a series of now-deleted tweets, according to The Daily Telegraph.

Trouble: Matt found himself in hot water following his comments about Marco's son

Jamie Oliver

Estimated Net Worth: $300 million

As Seen On: The Naked Chef

Even if you have never tuned into a cooking show in your life, chances are you have still come across the name Jamie Oliver. The British chef and restauranteur is known for his organic Italian style cooking. He was educated at Westminster Kingsway College and began his career as a pastry chef under Antonio Carluccio. He then moved on to London's top restaurant, The River Cafe as the head chef.

The leap to TV was thanks to fellow chef Patricia Llewellyn, who discovered Oliver's screen worthy charismas. She was an executive at a TV production company named Optomen. The company agreed to tape a pilot for the show The Naked Chef. The move resulted in total success and thus Oliver's BBC cooking show was born. The British chef used the profits to release a cookbook. It was a total hit.

Warm panzanella with poached egg

Tonight’s dinner was inspired by April Bloomfield’s new book, A Girl and her Pig. She is well known for her nose-to-tail meat cookery, and like her contemporary (and friend), Fergus Henderson, she embraces pig ears, lamb’s heads and all other sorts of flesh-centric cuts you would never dream of finding in your local grocery store.

FONTANA, Calif. -- A 21-year-old Southern California man has been arrested on suspicion of animal cruelty after his pet Chihuahua tested positive for methamphetamine, police said Monday. Isaiah . Nathaniel Sais of Fontana brought his Chihuahua, named Jack Sparrow, to an emergency center in Upland on July 5, telling the veterinarians the dog had ingested the. In the aftermath of the police shootings in Dallas, Chief Brown's public appearances have helped ease tensions in the city and the nation.

Jennifer Anderson, CTO at incuto

Jennifer Anderson is Chief Technology Officer of financial technology company incuto. With experience of both tech start-ups and established companies, Jennifer is gaining prominence as a strong voice in the industry. She began her career at a start-up in San Francisco before moving back to the UK, where she worked as a QA, FQT and systems integration engineer.

Jennifer has now returned to the start-up world to help transform the technology used across the community banking sector. As CTO of incuto, she defines how technology is used within the business and oversees all stages of the development lifecycle.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Genes for alcoholism found

Those pesky genes again!

Scientists have identified new genes and pathways that influence an individual's typical pattern of brain electrical activity, a trait that may serve as a useful surrogate marker for more genetically complex traits and diseases. One of the genes, for example, was found to be associated with alcoholism.

A report of the findings by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, appears online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"This important advance sustains our hope for the potential of genome-wide association techniques to further the study of complex genetic disorders such as alcoholism," notes NIAAA Acting Director Kenneth R. Warren, Ph.D. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) allow researchers to rapidly scan the complete set of DNA of many individuals to find genetic variations associated with a particular disease or condition.

"One of the challenges in identifying the genes that underlie alcoholism is the large degree of genetic and environmental variability associated with the disease," explains first author Colin A. Hodgkinson, Ph.D., a geneticist in the NIAAA Laboratory of Neurogenetics. "Such variability has impeded even GWAS efforts to identify alcoholism genes. To overcome those difficulties, we used GWAS techniques to search for genetic variants related to EEG, or brain wave, patterns in a comparatively small sample of several hundred Native American individuals."

As unique as an individual's fingerprints, EEG (electroencephalogram) patterns are highly heritable, and have been associated with alcoholism and other psychiatric disorders. The high degree of genetic similarity and common environmental exposure shared by the Native American individuals that comprised the study sample aided this search.

Working with David Goldman, M.D., chief of the NIAAA Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Dr. Hodgkinson and colleagues identified multiple genes that were associated with the amplitude, or height, of two of the four characteristic electrical frequencies that make up the wave patterns found in EEG recordings.

One of the genes, for example, was found to account for nearly 9 percent of the EEG theta wave variability seen in the Native American sample. Theta waves are relatively low-frequency brain waves, and previous studies have shown that their amplitude is altered among alcoholics. The researchers then showed that the same gene accounted for about 4 percent of theta wave variability in a sample of North American whites. The gene's diminished effect among whites, they noted, was likely a reflection of the greater genetic variability present in that sample. In the same study Dr. Goldman's group went on to show that genetic variation in one of the genes identified for theta wave variability was also associated with an altered risk for alcoholism.

"While our main findings are for genes that influence EEG wave patterns, this study represents an important step toward the use of EEG as a surrogate marker for alcoholism," notes Dr. Goldman. "It also reveals new molecular pathways involved in addiction processes."

Fresh fears for games addicts

You can overdo anything. Even drinking too much water can kill you. In general, however, games are pro-social, just as harmless as drinking normal amounts of water. Those who do use games excessively may be using them as non-drug therapy for problems -- which could be desirable. Better than heroin, anyway

PLAYING computer games is as popular as watching TV, but some gamers have developed an addiction that can be as costly and debilitating as drug and alcohol dependence.

A study by the Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, conducted online among 1945 participants, showed 8 per cent were identified as problem gamers. These players admitted to gaming for extended periods - in some cases more than eight hours a day - had fewer friends in real life and had even lost a significant relationship as a result of excessive play.

Other problems extended to craving more play time, and restlessness or irritability if they couldn't get back to the controller. Some also said their gaming activities interfered with school or work performance while others identified physical issues including sleep reduction, back pain and sore eyes.

The survey also revealed a financial fallout with some problem players spending excessive amounts of money to have the latest games, hardware and virtual currency to pay for their addiction.

Psychiatrist Guy Porter, who co-wrote a paper based on the survey's findings for the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, said the syndrome of video game dependence was similar to drug and alcohol addiction. "Any pleasurable activity has the potential to become addictive or to form a repetitive pattern of use," he said.

"Games are very enjoyable and provide a very positive experience for most people who use them. "But there are a small number of people out there - those who are playing for eight hours plus a day - who have got a problem with it."

There have been cases in Asia where people have died after marathon sessions, lasting days, playing games such as World of Warcraft and Starcraft.

Dr Porter said that aside from the duration of play, other issues needed to be examined. "The issue is whether it is the actual game they are playing or an underlying mental-health problem that the person has," he said.

"Someone could have anxiety or depression, social problems, marriage problems, out of a job, financial problems and the only stress relief they have is playing a game. "A lot of games, in particular online games, can offer a sense of achievement in the virtual world which outweighs the sense of achievement in real life. "A lot of people find it more rewarding to achieve online objectives in a game rather than real-world objectives."

Tuesday, 22 November 2011

The ciderator

Earlier this year, celebrity chef Marco Pierre White introduced his own branded beer “The Governor”, in conjunction with Middleton brewers J. W. Lees. Now, I’m no fan of his, but I suppose this must be praised as an effort to give beer more class and less of a downmarket image. However, having sampled it in both bottled and cask forms, I have to say it comes across as just another underwhelming brown beer from Lees.

Marco has now collaborated with Herefordshire cidermaker Weston’s to produce a “Governor” cider. It’s 4.8% ABV and retails in Morrison’s at ٟ.75 for a 500ml bottle, or 4 for ٣.50. It is pale in colour with a slight greenish tinge. There’s a small amount of sediment which produces a moderately hazy appearance, although much less than Westons’ Old Rosie. It has a fresh, quite sharp taste, that probably qualifies as “medium-dry”. It only has a slight hint of carbonation and overall is probably the best bottled approximation to a traditional draught cider I’ve come across. As described here, the intention is to reproduce the characteristics of Old Rosie at a more moderate strength, which I would say they have succeeded in doing. I spotted the similarity before reading that article. However, as it is well-nigh still and a touch hazy, it might not appeal to those who are more used to Magners and Stella “Cidre”.

While I do enjoy the occasional bottle of “craft” cider, I’ve never really tried to review any on here as I lack the tasting vocabulary to describe them adequately. However, I recently sampled Hereford’s Pilgrim, which took my eye as it promises to donate 10p to Help for Heroes for each bottle sold. The company are rather coy about where it’s actually made, although the postcode links it to an industrial estate in Ledbury. However, even though it is supporting a good cause, I thought it was pretty unpleasant, with a dominant perfumey off-flavour. I won’t be trying that again.

Sheep and goats

Although the protection of workers was often used as a “smokescreen”, the underlying motivation behind smoking bans has always been an attempt to reduce the prevalence of smoking in society through a process of “denormalisation”. However, in many places where bans have been imposed, that doesn’t seem to work, and very often the steady decline in smoking rates that has occurred until the ban has stalled or even reversed.

That has certainly been the case in Ireland – “there was a slight increase in the percentage of smokers since 2002, with 29% admitting to being a smoker in 2007, compared to 27% in 2002” – the Irish ban having come in in 2004. And the latest figures from Scotland show that the same is happening there.

Arguably a key reason for this is that the bans in effect force people to identify as smokers, and once they have done that they become more committed to sticking with it. You can’t really be a casual smoker any more.

One of the comments rings all too true:

Billy Dunn, 68, Parkhead, Glasgow

The retired factory worker has smoked for 60 years.

He said: “Scottish people have always smoked and it’s not going to change.

“I still come out for my pint every other day and I still manage to have a cigarette.

“However, the pubs are a lot quieter now than they were about four or five years because a lot of people aren’t able to stand outside smoking like I can.

A lot of smokers have difficulty coming down out of their homes to go for a drink and the last thing they want to be doing is having to get up every 30 minutes and go outside.

They have become all too often joined in a figure of speech like the proverbial horse and carriage. And, while the aficionado of craft beer, or claret, or malt whisky, may jib at the suggestion, if the Righteous choose to tar you with the same brush there’s nothing you can do about it.

Also well worth reading is this article by Dave Atherton (a regular commenter here) on The Commentator in which he argues that “smoking bans in pubs and bars, and now proposed car smoking bans constitute the most sinister assault on private property rights outside of an authoritarian regime.”

Watch the video: Cooking with Marco Pierre White - Unintentional ASMR (November 2021).